Taxation in pre colonial nigeria

They took the right to rule over it, to levy taxes, to depose kings and to create kings. The Osus-Nkwu was also a tax paid by dwellers in the Eastern part of the Country while Isha-kole was a tax paid to the Obas based on the agricultural produce in a farmland of specified geographical zone.

History of taxation in Nigeria: Understanding Nigeria tax

For instance, the Oyomesi kingmakers may compel the king to open calabash it is an order to commit suicide if the king is dictatorial and arbitrary in rulling the people. On 1 October Abacha announced the timetable for a three-year transition to civilian rule.

The British High Commissioners could depose emirs and other officials if necessary. Additionally, the Ironsi government was unable to produce a constitution acceptable to all sections of the country. We think Gowon will have great difficulty in staying in office through the period which he said is necessary before the turnover of power to civilians.

Oba can checked by other institutions like Oyomesi, Ogboni cult, warlords, etc. The slave trade was heaviest in the period —, with an average of 76, people taken from Africa each year between and The Lander brothers were seized by slave traders in the interior and sold down the river to a waiting European ship.

The core importance and objectives of taxation is to ensure that revenue is generated for all tiers of government for its various expenditure. The essential basis of this system was a money economy —specifically the British pound sterling —which could be demanded through taxation, paid to cooperative natives, and levied as a fine.

De-colonial states, —[ edit ] Savanna states[ edit ] During the 16th century, the Songhai Empire reached its peak, stretching from the Senegal and Gambia rivers and incorporating part of Hausaland in the east.

Dedicated to Isiaq A. It is simple, the south was just not as organized as the northern part of the Country. This is further explained as that monetary charge on residents living in, and non-residents that are doing business in Nigeria.

Under Incidence, we have the Direct taxation which is assessed directly on the income of the tax payer. To achieve conformity and uniformity in taxation, Raisman Commission was set up in by the colonial government, which advised that basic income tax principles should be introduced and standardized across the country.

The Igbos have great respect for the deities and the departed ancestors. Park reached the upper Niger the next year by travelling inland from the Gambia River. Inthe British created a " Court of Equity " at Bonny, overseen by Beecroft, which would deal with trade disputes.

Under methods, we have the Progressive tax which is the form of tax that progresses as the income that is to be taxed increases.

History of Nigeria

The legal justification for this campaign was a treaty signed inwhen the British had interceded as peacemakers to end the Ekiti Parapo war, which imposed free trade requirements and mandated that all parties continue to use British channels for diplomacy.

On 1 JanuaryNigeria became a British protectorate, part of the British Empirethe foremost world power at the time. Sometimes, the whole village may constitute itself into a court for the purpose of settling disputes. The argument is that Oba must always respect the views of the people in the society.

Not only is this the importance of taxation, taxation is also important in order to avoid various forms of anti-social activities, which will lead to stabilization of the economy and effective allocation of income. However, on 23 June, Babangida, using several pending lawsuits as a pretense, annulled the election, throwing Nigeria into turmoil.

For some time, missionaries operated in the area between Lagos and Ibadan. Vice consuls were assigned to ports that already had concluded treaties of cooperation with the Foreign Office.

They perform rituals on behalf of the society, and also check the excesses of both the Oba abd king makers.

Colonial Nigeria

The civil war that disrupted Kanem in the second half of the 14th century resulted in the independence of Borno. The present crisis started" with Nigerian independence inbut the federated parliament hid "serious internal strains.

History of taxation in Nigeria: By the end of the 18th century, some Muslim ulema began articulating the grievances of the common people. The Okpara controls the family and judges any family disputes. The appointment of Joseph Chamberlain as colonial secretary in especially marked a shift towards new territorial ambitions of the British Empire.

It was a relatively simple adjustment for many Igbo families to transport the oil to rivers and streams that led to the Niger Delta for sale to European merchants. British merchants led the trade in palm oil, while the Portuguese and others continued the slave trade.Colonial Nigeria was the area of West Africa that later evolved into modern-day Nigeria, during the time of British rule in the 19th and 20th centuries.

British influence in the region began with the prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in Currency: British West African pound (–), Nigerian Pound (from ).

[size=15pt]PRE-COLONIAL TRADITIONAL POLITICAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIA[/size] 1. Hausa/Fulani Pre-Colonial System of Administration 2.

Yoruba Traditional Political System 3. Igbo Traditional Political System Elaborate system of taxation was in place iv. No separation of power but fusion of powers.

Mar 16,  · 30 thoughts on “ Nigeria Before Colonialism (Pre-Colonial Administration in Nigeria) ” rabiuiliyasu August 29, at pm. Nigeria Before Colonialism (Pre-Colonial Administration in Nigeria) Ever before the commencement of colonialism, the people of.

CHAPTER THREE THE THREE ERAS OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA General Historical Overview of Taxation Taxes are as old as the history of organised human society.

In Nigeria the Igbos generally occupied the former Eastern Region and a part of the Mid. Pre-colonial Political Systems In Nigeria (Igbo Traditional System) The Igbo Traditional Political System there existed many institutions in the pre-colonial Igbo society, charged with the responsibility of judicial, legislative and executive.

Nigerian taxes and the history of taxation in Nigeria can be traced to the following sources from the pre-colonial era: Based on Customs and traditions: As mentioned earlier, certain taxes were imposed on incomes, sales of goods and services, agricultural produce within a community.

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Taxation in pre colonial nigeria
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