The turmoil over the act split both the Democratic and Whig parties and gave rise to the Republican Party, which split the United States into two major political camps, the Republican North and the Democratic South.
The initial removal acts in the s brought both White American settlers and foreign Native American tribes to the Great Plains and into contact with the Osage people. Butler chairman of the Judiciary Committee from South Carolina.
Rival governments were established at Topeka free and Kansas nebraska act proslavery. Their influence in territorial elections was often bolstered by resident Missourians who crossed into Kansas solely for the purpose of voting in such ballots.
While noting intemperance, or alcoholism, as a leading cause of death, Cumming specifically cited cholera, smallpox, and measles, none of which the Native Americans were able to treat.
Marcy both told Pierce that repeal would create serious political problems. The party eventually died by the division over the issue. Construction and infrastructure improvement projects dedicated in nearly every treaty, for example, took a great deal longer than expected.
Douglas was agreeable to the proposal, but the Atchison group was not. While it seemed to be a foregone conclusion that the bill would pass, the opponents went all out to fight it.
Pro-slavery settlers came to Kansas mainly from neighboring Missouri. The House leadership then began a series of roll call votes in which legislation ahead of the Kansas—Nebraska Act was called to the floor and tabled without debate. In addition to the changes regarding repeal of the Missouri Compromise, Nebraska was now divided into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska, with the division coming at the thirty-seventh parallel.
It had been modified by Douglas, who had also authored the New Mexico Territory and Utah Territory Acts, to mirror the language from the Compromise of This contributed to a real sense of urgency, on the part of both Northerners and Southerners, to settle the territory with "right-minded settlers" and thus seize political control of it.
Atchison shared lodgings in an F Street house, shared by the leading Southerners in Congress. Archibald Dixona Kentucky Whig, believed that unless the Missouri Compromise was explicitly repealed, slaveholders would be reluctant to move to the new territory until slavery was actually approved by the settlers -- settlers who would most likely hold free-soil views.
It was in the nation at large that the opponents of Nebraska hoped to achieve a moral victory.
For the nations that remained in Kansas beyondthe Kansas—Nebraska Act introduced a host of other problems. Douglas, hoping to achieve the support of the Southerners, publicly announced that the same principle that had been established in the Compromise of should apply in Nebraska.
The report compared the situation in New Mexico and Utah with the situation in Nebraska. Stir not up agitation! Missouri Senator David Atchison announced that he would support the Nebraska proposal only if slavery was allowed. While the bill was silent on this issue, slavery would have been prohibited, under the Missouri Compromise.
Douglas, hoping to achieve the support of the southerners, publicly announced that the same principle that had been established in the Compromise of should apply in Nebraska.
Railroad interests were especially eager to start operations since they needed farmers as customers. Douglas — "The great principle of self government is at stake, and surely the people of this country are never going to decide that the principle upon which our whole republican system rests is vicious and wrong.
He argued that the issue was whether republican principles, "that the citizens of every distinct community or State should have the right to govern themselves in their domestic matters as they please," would be honored. White American settlers from both the free-soil North and pro-slavery South flooded the Northern Indian Territory, hoping to influence the vote on slavery that would come following the admittance of Kansas and, to a lesser extent, Nebraska to the United States.
Congressional action Introduction of the Nebraska bill The bill was reported to the main body of the Senate on January 4, Between andinfluenza, cholera, and smallpox killed an estimated Osage Indians,  resulting in a population recession of roughly 20 percent between and The New York Timeswhich had earlier supported Pierce, predicted that this would be the final straw for Northern supporters of the slavery forces and would "create a deep-seated, intense, and ineradicable hatred of the institution which will crush its political power, at all hazards, and at any cost.
The new Republican Party sought to capitalize on the scandal of Bleeding Kansas. The Whigs hoped that by seizing the initiative on this issue that they would be identified as the strongest defender of slavery.
The final vote in favor of passage was 37 to Goodeformed the nucleus that would insist on slaveholder equality in Nebraska.
To that end, his Kansas Nebraska bill, which sought to organize the lands west of Iowa and Missouri, combined the ideas of westward expansion, internal improvements including a transcontinental railroadand popular sovereignty.Other than a few minor details, Sections of this Act mirror Sections almost word for word, except the first sections deal with the Nebraska Territory and the latter sections deal with the Kansas.
The Kansas – Nebraska Act of shattered whatever peace was gained by the Compromise of In addition to organizing the U.S. Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, the act attempted to deal with the extension of slavery into this region by allowing the settlers in each territory to decide the question for themselves.
U. S. Home > Events / Landmarks > - Kansas/Nebraska Act passed - Kansas/Nebraska Act passed Commissioner of Indian Affairs, George Manypenny, reminded Congress that most of the territory included in the Kansas/Nebraska Act was already owned by Indian tribes and protected by treaties.
Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise ofand allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries.
The initial purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was to create opportunities for a Mideastern Transcontinental Railroad. KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT. The Kansas Nebraska-act of both grew out of and contributed to the sectional crisis of the s that ultimately led to war in This crisis pitted supporters of the extension of the slavery against those who sought slavery's restriction.Download