Lewis argues that the speaker uses "the vocabulary of animal husbandry"  to describe the Irish. The meat of the human babies may be a bit difficult to swallow, but Swift goes on to add that a certain gourmet American gentleman suggested that a well-fed child can make for ambrosial food that can be easily boiled, baked, stewed, or roasted as well as lend themselves scrumptious in a ragout or fricassee.
It also serves as an exceptional introduction to the concept and use of argumentative language, lending itself well to secondary and post-secondary essay courses.
Doubling down on this sustained satire, he details the numerous ways that children can be prepared. Up to this point, the proposer has shown himself to be a reasonable if somewhat pedantic thinker, armed with a host of statistics about demography and economics in Ireland.
The proposer supports his suggestions with a mass of A modest proposal summary essay delivered statistics, demographic data, and calculations, as if writing one of the then-popular tracts on mercantilism or trade with the colonies.
From boiling to baking to roasting, they have been subjected to all sorts of cooking methods. The letter protests against the burning of Vietnamese people occurring overseas. The wealthy, meanwhile, would be able to have some variety and novelty in their diet.
The essayist proceeds to furnish ironically logical reasons in support of this shocking and repulsive proposal. It was first published in Dublin as a short, anonymous pamphlet. It is true, he says, that this proposal would greatly reduce the population of Ireland, but this very reduction of population would be beneficial, as there is no hope of more humane measures being taken to alleviate Irish misery, such as taxing absentee landlords, replacing profligacy with industry, or cultivating a spirit of mercy from landlords toward their tenants.
Outside of the realm of English studies, A Modest Proposal is included in many comparative and global literature and history courses, as well as those of numerous other disciplines in the arts, humanities, and even the social sciences. Or if, by any accident, while his wife lies in with one child, he should get a second upon the body of another woman, he might dispose of the fattest of the two, and that would help to breed up the other.
Full study guide for this title currently under development. Quite a few sincere proposals also in circulation aimed to better the conditions of the poor without actually addressing the real problems they faced.
The authorial voice of that essay is a modern thinker, who ironically proposes a nominal and hypocritical Christianity as the solution for England.
He lists six weighty and obvious advantages. His prose style—muscular, compact, sinewy, and expressive—can lay claim to being the most exact and forceful in the English language. Phiddian stresses that a reader of the pamphlet must learn to distinguish between the satirical voice of Jonathan Swift and the apparent economic projections of the Proposer.
Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: His cold and calculated presentation forces the reader to examine the source of his or her own discomfort and apply it to contemporary theories.
Landa wrote that, "Swift is maintaining that the maxim—people are the riches of a nation—applies to Ireland only if Ireland is permitted slavery or cannibalism"  Louis A.
A Modest Proposal also targets the calculating way people perceived the poor in designing their projects. Critical Reception Somewhat surprisingly, A Modest Proposal received little sustained critical attention until the twentieth century.
His fertile imagination was able to lay down layer upon layer of irony in almost bewildering succession. He builds the overall idea of overpopulation as a result of Catholic breeding, thus, proving the effective nature of his proposal. Using economic arguments popular at the time, he makes the case that the starving children of those in poverty should be fattened up and then sold to the rich landowners for consumption.
As a cry to succor the Irish, this essay earned Swift the title of patriot. At the same time, through the use of the adopted persona, Swift also satirizes those who propose solutions to political and economic issues without consideration of the human cost involved.
After receiving his Master of Arts degree from Oxford University inSwift was ordained into the Church of Ireland in and was stationed as prebendary of Kilroot, a poor town in northern Ireland.
On the other hand, some members of the gay rights movement have also appropriated the term, irony and all, to refer to heterosexuals. He pedantically weighs the pros and cons of his proposal, as he would any political argument. Rogal, Denis Donoghue, and Wayne C. Known as one of the most famous English satirical essays, A Modest Proposal was published anonymously in Dublin in as a short pamphlet.
I believe, indeed, we shall carry it farther, and not confine our luxury only to the eating of children; for I happened to peep the other day into a large assembly [Parliament] not far from Westminster-hall, and I found them roasting a great fat fellow, [Walpole again] For my own part, I had not the least inclination to a slice of him; but, if I guessed right, four or five of the company had a devilish mind to be at him.
To be notified when we launch a full study guide, please contact us. Swift then does some frigid reckoning with the number of babies needed, number of Irish couples capable of breeding, number of little gobs that can be fed by their parents, etc. Summary In A Modest Proposal Swift adopts the persona of a concerned economist who suggests that, in order to better combat the poverty and overpopulation of Ireland, the children of the poor be sold as food to the wealthy.
First, his proposal would reduce the number of Catholics in Ireland, the traditional enemy of the Protestant settlers. In developing this outrageous thesis, Swift provides abundant detail, projecting the costs of child rearing which will be saved if the child is eatenestimating the portion of the population affected, and even providing specific ideas regarding the number of servings a child might provide.
What is stated in a straightforward manner by the proposer is meant satirically by Swift. His impassive approach meshed with caustic raillery definitely stirs an otherwise complacent reader as well as dares to expose the flaws pertinent to the society.
The English colonial rule of absentee landlords, vast plantations, and enforced settlements is discredited. To be exact, the modest proposal is that of theinfants computed to be born every year in Ireland,would be sold to the wealthy to be consumed at table, 20, children being reserved for breeding.SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift. A Modest Proposal is a satirical essay.
Free summary and analysis of the events in Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal that won't make you snore. We promise. A Modest Proposal Jonathan Swift This entry presents criticism of Swift's satire A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of the Poor People from Being a Burthen to Their Parents, or the Country, and for Making Them Beneficial to the Publick.
A Modest Proposal and Other Satires study guide contains a biography of Jonathan Swift, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary. A Summary and Analysis of 'A Modest Proposal' By Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift's inflammatory and biting wit suffused essay, A Modest Proposal is most likely to disturb humorless folks.
His impassive approach meshed with caustic raillery definitely stirs an otherwise complacent reader as well as dares to expose the flaws pertinent to the. Summary The full title of Swift's pamphlet is "A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burthen to their Parents, or the Country, and for Making them Beneficial to the Publick.".Download